The Germplasm Bank is a collection of live plant matter, in the form of seeds and spores. Its general mission is:
- Locate, collect and conserve plants considered to be of priority importance to our society.
- Work towards acquiring scientific knowledge aimed at optimizing the conservation and use of phytogenetic resources.
All the work carried out at the Germplasm Bank aims to fulfil our commitment to the European Plant Conservation Strategy (EPCS). Currently, there are over 1500 samples conserved in the Germplasm Bank. This figure grows yearly with the new collections.
Besides all the basic tasks leading to the collection and preparation of seeds for long-term conservation and procurement of adult plants for reintroduction programs, the following are carried out:
- Search for optimal germination conditions of pteridophyte seeds and spores.
- Studies into loss of viability in both seeds and spores .
- Study of dormancy, which hinders seed germination in some species, and of most suitable pretreatment and how to crack it.
- In collaboration with the Anatomy and Histology Laboratory we are characterizing seeds and spores, especially their coverings, which are often responsible for the dormancy observed.